Home Add to Favorite Contact Submit  
           13 July, 2020


    
Category:  Press » Kids & Teens

 

Children with ADHD at Risk for Alcohol Problems

Popularity:
         Views: 1336
2007-04-02 07:23:24     
Gabriel J. Adams

Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at risk for alcohol abuse or dependence -- as well as other substance-related problems -- as they grow older, new research confirms. Two University of Pittsburgh-led studies show that ADHD is, indeed, a risk factor for alcohol problems, with parental alcoholism and stressful experiences in the family playing an important role.

Results are published in the April issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

"Children with ADHD are believed to be at risk for alcoholism because of their impulsivity and distractibility, as well as other problems that often accompany ADHD, such as school failure and behavior problems," explained Brooke Molina, Ph.D., associate professor of psychiatry and psychology at the University of Pittsburgh, and corresponding author for both studies. "Our studies show that adolescents with ADHD were much more likely to use alcohol than their peers without ADHD."

In the first of the two studies on age specificity, Dr. Molina and her colleagues interviewed participants in the larger Pittsburgh ADHD Longitudinal Study. Researchers interviewed 364 children diagnosed with ADHD as adolescents (11 to 17 years of age) or as young adults (18 to 28 years of age). Demographically and age-matched individuals without ADHD also were recruited to serve as a comparison. Alcohol use was determined through questionnaires and interviews.

"We found that the children with ADHD were more likely than the comparison group to drink heavily and to have enough problems related to their drinking that they were diagnosed with alcohol abuse or dependence," said Dr. Molina. "This means that their drinking caused problems such as fights with their parents or friends, a drop in their grades at school or difficulty with controlling the amount of alcohol that they drank."

Drinking problems began around age 15, said Dr. Molina. "The 15-to-17-year-olds with childhood ADHD reported being drunk an average of 14 times in the previous year, versus only 1.8 times for peers in the study who did not have childhood ADHD. Whereas 14 percent of that age group with childhood ADHD were diagnosed with alcohol abuse or dependence, none of the 15-to-17-year-olds without childhood ADHD had alcohol problems."

Researchers note that it appears that one of the reasons for the past inconsistencies in research is that the ADHD-alcohol relationship does not become solid until at least mid-adolescence. It may be that only a subset of kids with ADHD - namely, those with more aggressive or antisocial behavior patterns - are at risk by young adulthood.

Dr. Molina said her findings support this theory. "For example, 42 percent of those children with ADHD who also had serious, persistent behavior problems later had alcohol abuse or dependence by the age of 18 to 25." Dr. Molina also said, however, that researchers know little about the risk for alcoholism for young adults (18 to 25) with ADHD beyond this age range. "Most young adults drink less after they settle into jobs and family life," she said. "We will be following this group in the Pittsburgh study to see if this happens or not."

In the second study, on "life stress," Dr. Molina and her colleagues interviewed 142 adolescents (133 males, 9 females) who had been diagnosed with childhood ADHD, as well as 100 demographically matched adolescents without childhood ADHD. All participants were asked about their drinking behavior and negative life events; in addition, parents reported their drinking histories.

"One of the reasons that children with ADHD might be at risk for alcohol problems is that alcoholism and ADHD tend to run together in families," said Dr. Molina. "We found that parental alcoholism predicted heavy problem drinking among the teenagers, that the association was partly explained by higher rates
of stress in these families, and these connections were stronger when the adolescent had ADHD in childhood. The bottom line is that when the child has ADHD and the parent has suffered from alcoholism, either currently or in the past, the child will have an increased risk for alcohol problems himself or herself."

"However," noted Dr. Molina, "we need to put these findings in perspective. It is important to recognize that not all children with ADHD will have problems with alcohol."

The study was principally funded by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.

Co-authors of the study include William E. Pelham and Elizabeth M. Gnagy of the departments of psychology and pediatrics at The State University of New York at Buffalo; Amanda L. Thompson of the department of psychology at the University of Pittsburgh; and Michael P. Marshal of the department of psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Specialized in: Adhd - Alcohol
Print press release      Bookmark this page
Related Press releases 
Peanuts Celebrates 60 Years (Popularity: ): Saturday, October 2 marks the 60th anniversary of PEANUTS by Charles M. Schulz. First launched in only seven papers, the comic strip now appears in over 2,200 newspapers, in 75 countries and 21 languages. PEANUTS animated specials have become a seasonal tradition and thousands of consumer products are available in virtually all retail channels. Charlie Brown kicking the football, Linus and his blanket and Lucy leaning over Schroeder's piano are ...
YWCA Greater Los Angeles Honors Venus Williams with Phenomenal Woman of the Year Award (Popularity: ): The YWCA Greater Los Angeles (YWCA GLA) will honor multiple grand slam tennis champion and entrepreneur Venus Williams at its upcoming Phenomenal Woman Awards Luncheon on Tuesday, July 13, 2010 from 11:30am - 2pm. The event will be held in downtown Los Angeles at the Millennium Biltmore Hotel at 500 S. Grand Avenue and is themed "Saluting Women who Change the Game".The Phenomenal Woman Awards fundraiser draws Southern California's top ...
World's Youngest Editor-in-Chief 11 Year old Ajha Nicole Dortch of Atlanta Travels to Tampa With her A.N.D. Magazine Collecting Shoes Benefiting Haiti Relief (Popularity: ): Ajha Nicole Dortch is the 11 year old Editor-in-Chief of A.N.D. Magazine. Launching what could be the first ever Pre-teen magazine by Pre-teens and for Pre-teens.Since 2009 with her inaugural issue featuring independent women, then 10 year old Ajha Nicole Dortch has combined her love of writing with her love of fashion. "I've put my all into this magazine," says Ajha. "So why not call it by my name?" The ...
Writing Instrument Manufacturers Association Celebrates the History-Shaping Power of the Handwritten Word on John Hancock's Birthday, Jan. 23 (Popularity: ): The first signature on the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776 was also the most recognizable: that of John Hancock. To honor the influence handwriting has had on American history, the Writing Instrument Manufacturers Association has declared Hancock's birthday, Jan. 23, National Handwriting Day."Throughout history, handwritten documents have sparked love affairs, started wars, established peace, freed slaves, created movements and declared independence," stated WIMA Executive Director David H. Baker. ...
Corporation for National and Community Service Awards Major Learn and Serve America Grant to ECS' National Center for Learning Citizenship (Popularity: ): The Education Commission of the States (ECS) and the National Center for Learning and Citizenship (NCLC) are pleased to announce the receipt of a grant for $926,640 from the Corporation for National and Community Service for grades 6-9 in the K-12 school-based program.Service-learning is an approach to education that links community service to academic achievement while also teaching students about America's civic institutions and traditions."We're pleased to partner with NCLC ...


Related Business 
ADHD and Bipolar Disorder In Children (Popularity: ): Children with ADHD, bipolar disorder, and learning disabilities are a challenge to raise. Believe me. I know! I am the parent of an ADHD, learning disabled, mood disordered 7th grader. I am also a masters degreed social worker who has worked in public education for 14 years and counting.
Life coaching for clients and parents of children and teens with ADD/ADHD (Popularity: ): Coaching and support for people and parents of children with ADD/ADHD. Information about ADD/ADHD legal rights and resources such as books, videos, and organizations.
Alcohol Abuse (Popularity: ): Alcohol abuse can be dangerous to any individual causing many life problems. If you or a loved one is facing alcohol abuse-seek information on our alcohol abuse programs or alcohol abuse center.
Alcohol Concern (Popularity: ): A national agency on alcohol misuse in England and Wales. Works to reduce the incidence and costs of alcohol-related harm and to increase the range and quality of services available to people with alcohol-related problems
ADHD Treatment (Popularity: ): Effective ADHD treatment can quite literally be a true life saver, not only for kids who have been diagnosed with ADHD, but also for their parents and teachers. Today, one can find prescription treatments, over-the-counter ADHD treatment, and also a growing range of natural remedies. Before we go on to talk about the various ADHD treatment options however, first let’s take a closer look at ADHD.
ADHD Doctors Connecticut (Popularity: ): Connecticut ADHD Associates is a speciality medical practice in Connecticut that deals exclusively with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) in children and adults.
[BR] Children At Risk Foundation (Popularity: ): Portal site for the Children At Risk Foundation - CARF with programmes in Norway and Brazil, directed at street children, community children and young people at risk.
[ZA] Tereo Project for Children at risk (Popularity: ): Christian organisation with a mission to provide schooling and care for street children and children at risk in Southern Africa, particularly children that are victims of poverty, crime and AIDS.
ADHD - ADD Medication Reminders for Children and Adults (Popularity: ): Line of e-pill® Electronic Pill Reminders for children who suffer from ADHD.
ADHD & ADD in Children (Popularity: ): Private Occupational Therapy and Assessment for children with ADHD & ADD in North Yorkshire.